What is The Farmers and Herders Initiative for Peace and Development?

Who are we ?

Background

Herders and farmer livelihoods have supported generations of Africans. They form an important part of the rural economy.

There are different types of pastoralism ranging from nomadic to semi-settled and settled agro-pastoralism. The main pastoralists involved in conflict with farmers are the herders that move with their livestock from one place to another between wet and dry seasons. The violent clashes between farmers and herders have increased over the years.

It was not always this way. Farmers and herders enjoyed cooperative relationships in the past and peacefully co-existed with arrangements such as the farmers opening up their fields after harvest to cows. The cows would eat the remnants of the harvest while at the same time leave manure in the farm for the farmers. The population of both farmers and grazers has since soared and there is less grass for the cows and less land to farm.

The relationship between farmers and grazers is now strained or has been completely destroyed, leading to a situation increasingly used by political rivals to wage scores against each other. The politicisation of ethnic and religious divides have not only intensified the violence but created the political profile of the herder as the Muslim and the farmer as a Christian.

FHIPD works to rebuild these relationships through peace building interventions.

Our Mission Statement

Support and promote nonviolent approaches to conflict transformation and hence contribute to the prevention and mitigation of violence as a precondition for peace, justice and nonviolent coexistence.

This is done through a combination of research, community dialogues and action that entails the strengthening of existing local capacities and enhancing the preconditions for building peace.

Our Vision


A world where peace, justice and nonviolent relations prevail between farmers and herders as well as religious and ethnic communities.


What is FHIPD doing to resolve the conflict between farmers and herders?

Farmers and herders initiated the creation of FHIPD as a response to the violent conflicts in the world between them. There has been a sharp increase in violence between farmers and grazers due to the high rise in population, among other factors. The work of FHIPD focuses on the transformation of such conflicts to peaceful co-existence.

FHIPD carries out meaningful programmes for conflict transformation, conducts research and produces publications on non-violent conflict transformation and the role of farmers and herders in ending conflict and building peace.

The main focus of FHIPD’s programmes is in Africa.

FHIPD’s conflict transformation work is based on an understanding that conflict is a natural part of societies that has the potential for both constructive and destructive change. FHIPD contributes to the strengthening of existing local capacities for conflict transformation through work with partners and by enhancing

the preconditions for nonviolent conflict transformation. Research and community dialogue plays an essential role in FHIPD’s conflict transformation approach, both as a precondition for understanding the context of engagement and as a means for conflict transformation.

FHIPD’s work is carried out mainly through engagement with and support of civil society organisations, building strategic partnerships with national, regional and international organisations and networks, as well as linking up with international actors to support environments conducive to nonviolent conflict transformation.

FHIPD draws its identity from the experience of facilitating dialogues and building trust between ethnic and religious communities. This identity is crucial towards FHIPD’s success in promoting farmer-herder dialogues and cooperation for peaceful relations among people.

Our Board of Trustees


Salihu Musa Umar

Chair


Salihu Musa Umar popularly known as Salim is a project manager, conflict and policy analyst. He is a National Publicity Secretary and a member of the National Executive Council of MACBAN (Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria). MACBAN is one of the biggest pastoralists’ associations in Africa. As part of his duties, he manages projects on nomadic education and peaceful resolution of farmer-herder conflicts on behalf of the Farmers and Herders Initiative for Peace and Development (FHIPD). Salim is a Fellow of the Civilian Institute of Democratic Adminstration, Tema, Ghana and a Member of the Public Adminstration Institute of Nigeria. Salim is 2019 alumni of the International Human Rights Training Programme – Equitas, Abbott College, Montreal, Canada.

Salim has served as Special Assistant to the Executive Governor of Plateau State on Special Duties, advising on peaceful resolution of farmer-herder conflicts. He further served as a Senior Special Assistant to another Governor in the same State, working as a Community Relations Advisor. In 2007, he served as a member of the Presidential Committee set up to resolve the lingering crisis between herders and farmers in Nigeria. Salim has served in several Government Boards and Parastatals including as a member of Plateau State Pilgrims Welfare Board.

Salim served as Chairman of the Fulani Peace Committee, set up by the Government of Plateau State in 2015 to establish peace between the Berom (farmers) and Fulani (herders) who are the key protagonists in Plateau State Nigeria. It was while working in this capacity that an International Organization, the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD) approached Salim to lead the Fulani people as the head of delegation to meet in a dialogue with other ethnic communities in Jos. Salim chaired and was the lead negotiator for the Fulani community. The dialogue led to the Declaration of Commitment to Peace and Cooperation of the Inter-Communal Dialogues and Conflict mediation in Jos, Plateau State.

He later worked as an advisor, conflict and policy analyst and was instrumental in guiding the organization towards two more agreements The Kafanchan Declaration of Kaduna and the Southern Plateau Inter-Communal Peace Dialogue.

Prior to working with Government, Salim worked in a multi-national corporation for twelve years, leaving as Customer Service Manager, travelling all over Nigeria, garnering knowledge about people and their lifestyles that he now puts to use in creating peaceful co-existence programs. Salim studied Local Government Studies at Kaduna Polytechnic and holds a Masters in Public Administration (MPA) from Nasarawa State University, Keffi. He is currently studying for a Ph.D in the same field from the same University.

Salim is a very passionate conflict and policy analyst and peace advocate and community leader who enjoys a robust relationship and respect from farmers and pastoralists alike in his country Nigeria and in East, North and West Africa. Salim was, in 2019, member of the Directorate of Field Operations in the Presidential Campaign Council, tasked to ensure a violent conflict free Presidential Election for the whole of Nigeria.

Wairimu Nderitu

Board Member


Alice Wairimu Nderitu is a Transitional Justice Fellow Institute for Justice and Reconciliation. South Africa; 2012, Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace and Justice, University of San Diego, Woman Peace Maker Of the Year; 2014 Raphael Lemkin Fellow of the Auschwitz Institute on the Prevention of Genocide. http://www.auschwitzinstitute.org/profiles-in-prevention/alice-nderitu/) 2015 Aspen Leadership scholarship recipient; 2017 Global Pluralism Awardee; Simon Fraser University’s Centre for Dialogue 2017/18 Jack P. Blaney Awardee for Dialogue and 2019 Diversity and Inclusion Peace and Cohesion Champion Awardee from the Kenya National Diversity Inclusion Award Recognition (DIAR Awards) Alice’s published books include; The Companion for Women Mediating Armed Conflict in Communities: Peace through Pluralism; Beyond Ethnicism: Exploring Ethnic and Racial Diversity for Educators, approved by Kenya Institute for Curriculum Development for Teacher Training Colleges; Kenya: Bridging Ethnic Divides, A Commissioner’s experience on Cohesion and Integration; Mũkami Kĩmathi, Mau Mau Woman Freedom Fighter, the authorized biography and Catherine Ndereba, the authorized biography. She has also written book chapters in Minding the Gap, African Conflict Management in a Time of Change, edited by Pamela Aall and Chester A. Crocker and co-written with Swanee Hunt, WPS as a political movement, in S.E.Davies and J. True (Eds). Oxford Handbook of Women, Peace and Security (New York: Oxford University Press) Alice served as Commissioner of the National Cohesion and Integration Commission in Kenya.

Barrister Ladi Madaki

Board Member


Barrister Ladi Agyer Joy Madaki is Deputy Chief Registrar- Litigation, High Court of Justice, Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria. As head of Litigation she handles; Case Management, Law reporting, Case Law Research and enforcement of court orders. She holds a Bachelor of Laws Degree [1992] and a master’s Degree in International Law [2008] from the University of Jos. She served mandatory Youth Service in 1993 – 1994 in Maiduguri, Borno State at Premier Commercial Bank Plc. She was called to the Nigerian Bar, practiced for four [4] years with Miskom Puepet Law Firm, was later company secretary at Gold and Green Nigeria Limited; In 1999, she joined the Plateau State Government as a Magistrate 11 presiding over criminal and civil matters for sixteen years. In 2015, she was appointed Deputy Chief Registrar – Area Courts in 2015. She is a member of Federecion Internationale De Abogadas [FIDA – Nigeria] Plateau State Branch, Magistrates’ Association of Nigeria [MAN], Commonwealth Magistrates’ Association [CMJA], International Women Peace Group [IWPG] and Christian Lawyers Fellowship of Nigeria [CLASFON]. She is a peace builder, volunteer in humanitarian work, member of Evangelical Church Winning All, Women Group [Nassarawa Gwong, Jos], Chairperson Steering Committee on Gender Violence [OBSTEC], former Chairperson FIDA Nigeria Plateau State Branch and Board member of Media Campaign against Trafficking [MeCAHT].

Fatima Suleiman

Board Member


Fatima Abdullahi Suleiman is the President, Islamic Counseling Initiative in Nigeria(ICIN).She holds a B.A.Combined Honors in Mass Communication and English Language, Bayero University of Kano, an M.A in Law and Diplomacy, and is currently a Phd student in Law and Diplomacy University of Jos, 2006 - 2008. She is an alumnus of National Institute of Management, Nigerian Institute of Public Relations and National Youth Service Corps.She holds a Diploma in Mass Communication, Diploma in Word Processing, excel, Corel draw and Desktop Publishing and S.S.C.E Certificate from Baptist High School. At ICIN, Fatima has led projects such as monitoring political, conflict trends in Northern and North East of Nigeria, training of civil society organisations, interfaith leaders and government personnel in strategic planning, best practices in community service, Political and conflict analysis in Northern and North Eastern Nigeria on Preventing Electoral Violence, Preventing Violent Conflict in Northern Nigeria, Promoting Inclusive and Accountable Governance in a Peaceful; Interfaith Community Peace Building in Plateau; Research and Data Gathering of the Effect of Resource Mobilization on Development as a Result of Farmer Herder Conflicts; Legal Empowerment Programme for Women’ s Rights Nigeria Project–; Farmer / Herder Conflicts: Gender Perspective: Dialogue consultation meetings; Security and Good Governance Project); Integrated Girl Child Education and Child Right Law Project; Integrated Testing and Counseling for Women and girls; Prevention of Electoral Violence in Plateau State;